Wednesday, March 9, 2011

Cool Color and Warm Color



Cool color: A color closer to blue on the color wheel. The picture to the right has a cool feel to it because it has a color scheme closer to blue. This gives the photograph a cool feeling.




Warm color: A color that appears to be closer to the yellow-to-red side of the color wheel. The photograph to the left has a warmer feel to it because it has a color scheme that resembles red more than blue.

Achromatic and Mixed Media


Achromatic: Black, gray, or white with no distinctive hues. The paintings below were all painted with black and white ink and/or shades of gray.



Mixed media: The combination of two or more different media in a single work of art.

Anticipated Movement and Blurred Outline

Anticipated movement: The implication of movement on a static two-dimensional surface caused by the viewer’s past experience with a similar situation. The logo below implies anticipated movement because the viewers know that cars move from prior experiences.






Blurred outline: A visual device in which most details and the edges of a form are lost in the rapidity of the implied movement. The figure in the image to the left is blurred and detail is lost because of the movement.

Horizon Line and Juxtaposition



Horizon line: The farthest point we can see where the delineation between the sky and ground becomes distinct. The line on the picture plane that indicates the extent of illusionistic space and on which are located the vanishing points. In the picture above the horizon line can be seen where the snowy land and trees meets the sky.

Juxtaposition: When one image or shape is placed next to or in comparison to another image or shape. In the picture below, the polaroids have been "juxtaposed" together to create the image of the man.

Pattern and Medium


Pattern: The repetition of a visual element or module in a regular and anticipated sequence. The keys on the piano in the picture to the left can be seen as a pattern.








Medium
: The tools or materials used to create an artwork. The painting below was created using acrylic paint, so that is the medium.

Abstraction and Figure

Abstraction: A visual representation that may have little resemblance to the real world. Abstraction can occur through a process of simplification or distortion in an attempt to communicate an essential aspect of a form or concept. Cartoons are a version of abstraction. The illustration below was hand-drawn, traced, and colored in Adobe Illustrator by me.



Figure
: Any positive shape or form noticeably separated from the background or, the negative space.

Gesture and Cross-hatching


Gesture: A line that does not stay at the edges but moves freely within forms. These lines record movement of the eye as well as implying the motion in the form. It is usually used as a rough sketch.

Cross-hatching: A drawing technique in which a series of lines are layered over each other to build up value and to suggest form and volume. This is another form of sketching commonly used by artists.


(Neither of the art in this post was done by me)

Rhythm and Legato




Rhythm: An element of design based on the repetition of recurrent motifs. The repeating design pattern is an example of this because the same design repeats continuously.

Legato
: Legato is a connected and flowing rhythm. The photograph above is an example of this.

Staccato: Contrasting to Legato, Staccato is abrupt changes in the visual pattern. If a random circle was placed somewhere in the pattern above, that would be considered staccato.

Allover Pattern and Bilateral Symmetry



Allover Pattern: A composition that distributes emphasis uniformly throughout the two-dimensional surface by repetition of similar elements. The example to the left is a repeating design I screen-printed on a piece of fabric.


Bilateral Symmetry: Balance with respect to a vertical axis. The repeating design pattern posted to the left is an example of this. The design can be split vertically and folded over and it would match up perfectly.

Facade and Proportion

Facade: The facade is the face or the frontal aspect of a form. The photograph of the outhouse below is taken from straight-on and is an example of facade in this regard.

Proportion: Proportion is the size of something compared with other elements or against a mental norm or standard. The proportions of the photograph below are all conforming to mental norms and standards. If the outhouse was scaled to twice its size in this picture, then the proportions would be abnormal.

Value and Focal Point

Value: This is a measure of light and dark in a piece of art or photograph. Value plays a big role in the photograph of the lone egg in the carton below. The edges on the photograph have been darkened to draw attention to the egg and make the piece emanate more of a lonely, depressed feeling.




Focal Point: Focal Point emphasizes a certain area or object to draw attention to the piece and to encourage closer scrutiny of the work. The focal point of the photograph to the left is the lonely egg in the carton.

Negative Space and Graphic Forms

Graphic Forms: This can be any form of drawing or painting on a 2-dimensional surface.

Negative Space: Negative space is the empty space in a composition. Artists often play with negative space a lot in their work. Negative space can be used to create a certain feeling or even another image.

The example to the right can represent both Graphic Forms and Negative Space.

Collage and Symbol


Collage
: A collage is a work of art that compile multiple different images. The picture on the left is actually multiple photographs of my friend skating combined in to one, single image using Adobe Photoshop CS5. Each image had to be tweaked and edited a bit to fit in flawlessly with the whole composition.


The image on the right is on example of composition, this one is more obvious however. It still exhibits different images combined in to one, but the different images are pretty obvious. The giant basketball, dumpster, and rock were all composed in to the background image.







Symbol
: A symbol is something that is used to represent or stand for something else. A good example of this is the American Flag, which is meant to represent the United States of America.

The image of the cartoon Indian on the left is an illustration I did on Adobe Illustrator of the Cleveland Indians' logo.